When we see the soil we think what is it and what are its uses?
The answer our brain gives us is that Soil is a natural resource.
It is used for:-
- Obtaining minerals and salts
- Habitat to different organisms
- Obtaining underground water
- Making articles
- Construction etc.
So, we all are aware of what is soil and what are its uses. So now let us learn about different types of soil.
Soil is further divided into three types.
- Sandy soil
- Loamy soil
- Clayey soil
Let us now learn about these soil in detail.
- Sandy Soil
Sandy soil has large soil particles.
It has large air spaces (basically for aeration).
It has least water holding capacity.
It has high percolation rate.
It is dry and cannot be used for agriculture.
It cannot be moulded (used for pottery or making articles)
- Loamy Soil
Loamy soil has average soil particles.
It has normal air spaces.
It has moderate water holding capacity.
It has average percolation rate.
It can/cannot be used for agriculture.
It may/may not be moulded.
- Clayey Soil
Clayey soil has small soil particles.
It has small air spaces.
It has high water holding capacity.
It has least percolation rate.
It is used for agriculture.
It can be easily moulded.
You will read more about the horizons in class 8. Social Science – Geography – Chapter 2 – Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources.